Montessori Philosophy and Theory
This course is an introduction to Montessori principles
of child development and
education, including a historical perspective,
methodology, Montessori concepts, and classroom procedures. The
the relationship between
the Montessori philosophy, the prepared environment, the adult and
The course presents an overview of child development theories and
theorists, stages of
areas of physical,
cognitive, emotional and social development and current
research on Montessori education.
provides a basis for comparison
an opportunity to view
Montessori within the
historical context of the changing
perception of the young child.
Practical Life is the foundation for
for learning practical
skills. The general
of concentration, self-discipline, independence, social skills, and
Practical Life includes ground rules and courtesy, control
The purpose is the development
of the senses, and of the intellect.
and discrimination of size, color,
form, auditory and tactile discrimination,
olfactory, and gustatory senses.
It is the direct preparation for
Exploration of the materials used for the development of receptive and
expressive language experiences, visual and auditory perception and
discrimination, vocabulary development and enrichment, and oral language
experiences. The course includes interpretative reading skills, function
of word studies, penmanship skills, creative writing, simple research
and multi-cultural studies.
The course presents the Montessori Mathematics philosophy and
rationale. The materials for the development of the mathematical mind
are explored. The curriculum covers the introduction to numeration, the
decimal system vocabulary and quantitative values, operations of the
decimal system, linear counting, memorization, fractions, and practical
Physical and Life Science
exploration of the concrete materials which help young children to
understand botany, zoology, earth science, physical science and the
relationship of science to our lives.
History and Geography
Geography studies include the components of the earth, and physical and
cultural geography. History
covers time, seasons and personal history. History and Geography
are based on language development
The course includes
and three dimensional
work, art appreciation
The course includes
rhythmic skills, singing
skills, instrumental skills, the Montessori bells,
The course includes body awareness, basic gross motor skills
(loco-motor, stationary movement,
and group activities.
Observation, Classroom Management, Evaluation, Records and Planning
The courses cover methods for observation,
management skills, and
Scheduling, planning, lesson
strategies, evaluation of children, techniques for discipline, communication
and problem solving are also
Literature, Peace Education, and Parent Education and Administration
Practices are included.
Advanced materials and extension lessons are presented during seminar
sessions. Directed practice
with materials is guided by VCMS instructors during the seminar sessions
in order to apply the Montessori theory to the curriculum.